Polish demographic patterns in the UK
Most of the Polish immigration into the UK has been for economic reasons and certainly many are here to make money on a short-term basis before returning home. Therefore the majority are of working age.
Research conducted by PKO BankPolski, Poland’s biggest retail bank, showed that over 60% of Polish immigrants into the UK were between the ages of 24 and 35 and that 40% of them had a university degree.
Many are single with few responsibilities and therefore have potentially a high disposable income, but as more have decided to stay and make their home in the UK more dependants have arrived too.
Of the estimated 427,000 who entered the country between 2004 and 2006 it was thought that about 36,000 dependants came with them.
In terms of geography, although London naturally has a large Polish community, the migration has spread to other areas, through the Midlands and up into Manchester and Leeds.
Most of the London Polish community is centred around Hammersmith as well as Ealing, Enfield and Haringey. As well as more moving to existing centres such as Birmingham, Bradford, Manchester and Leeds, other sizeable communities have been established in Hereford, Sheffield, Bolton, Bury, Northampton, Peterborough and Chorley, whilst between 40,000 and 50,000 Poles are also thought to be living in Scotland. Also, with many Polish workers earning a living in agriculture and light industry, communities have emerged in East Anglia and the East Midlands.